Étude dynamique 1D et 2D du comportement d'un barrage en enrochement sous sollicitations sismiques
|Abstract:||Rockfill dams are one of the most important structures in civil engineering. These are critical structures whose performance requirements are very high. In addition, the seismic standards for these structures have changed rapidly over the last few years (Hydro-Québec, 2003; Gouv.-du- Québec, 2002; Canadian Dam Association (CDA)) and currently are very sever. These analyzes are very important since they can define the behavior of structure when earthquakes happen, and consequently, evaluate its safety. However, these methods are complex and their application on existing dams is always a delicate exercise. Eastern Canada is characterized by an active but moderate seismicity. The earthquakes in Eastern Canada have a higher frequency content than the Western United States. Though, only a few studies have been made with signals from Eastern Canada. This thesis presents the results of the dynamic 1D and 2D behavior of a rockfill dam under seismic loading. The study takes into consideration the Denis-Perron dam activity, a rockfill dam of 171 meters height with a till core, which was finished constructing in 1998. This structure closes the Ste-Marguerite River on a narrow valley north of Sept-Îles. Recordings of accelerations at the top and at the base of the dam for three seismic events were used in different simulations. The 1D analyzes were conducted in the frequency domain with ProShake software. The 2D analyzes were conducted in the time domain with QUAD4M software, which adopts the linear behavior of soils, and FLAC, which takes into account the nonlinearity of soil behavior. For both analyses, the results were carried out in spectral and temporal domains. These results demonstrated that the 1D study on ProShake, with a correction of predominant period according to the shape of the valley, is necessary for preliminary dynamic studies of a dam. However, in depth studies, FLAC may be essential for seismic risk assessment of these structures|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||9 February 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
All documents in CorpusUL are protected by Copyright Act of Canada.