Recent advances in the separation of rare earth elements using Mesoporous hybrid materials

Authors: Hu, YimuLarivière, DominicFontaine, Frédéric-GeorgesKleitz, Freddy
Abstract: Over the past decades, the need for rare earth elements (REEs) has increased substantially, mostly because these elements are used as valuable additives in advanced technologies. However, the difference in ionic radius between neighboring REEs is small, which renders an efficient sized‐based separation extremely challenging. Among different types of extraction methods, solid‐phase extraction (SPE) is a promising candidate, featuring high enrichment factor, rapid adsorption kinetics, reduced solvent consumption and minimized waste generation. The great challenge remains yet to develop highly efficient and selective adsorbents for this process. In this regard, ordered mesoporous materials (OMMs) possess high specific surface area, tunable pore size, large pore volume, as well as stable and interconnected frameworks with active pore surfaces for functionalization. Such features meet the requirements for enhanced adsorbents, not only providing huge reactional interface and large surface capable of accommodating guest species, but also enabling the possibility of ion‐specific binding for enrichment and separation purposes. This short personal account summarizes some of the recent advances in the use of porous hybrid materials as selective sorbents for REE separation and purification, with particular attention devoted to ordered mesoporous silica and carbon‐based sorbents.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 27 May 2018
Open Access Date: 27 May 2019
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Chemical record, Vol. 18 (7-8), 1261-1276 (2018)
Alternative version: 10.1002/tcr.201800012
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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