Wireless power transfer for combined sensing and stimulation in implantable biomedical devices

Authors: Maghsoudloo, Esmaeel
Advisor: Gosselin, BenoitSawan, Mohamad
Abstract: Currently, there is a high demand for Headstage and implantable integrated microsystems to study the brain activity of freely moving laboratory mice. Such devices can interface with the central nervous system in both electrical and optical paradigms for stimulating and monitoring neural circuits, which is critical to discover new drugs and therapies against neurological disorders like epilepsy, depression, and Parkinson’s disease. Since the implantable systems cannot use a battery with a large capacity as a primary source of energy in long-term experiments, the power consumption of the implantable device is one of the leading challenges of these designs. The first part of this research includes our proposed solution for decreasing the power consumption of the implantable microcircuits. We propose a novel level shifter circuit which converting subthreshold signal levels to super-threshold signal levels at high-speed using ultra low power and a small silicon area, making it well-suited for low-power applications such as wireless sensor networks and implantable medical devices. The proposed circuit introduces a new voltage level shifter topology employing a level-shifting capacitor to increase the range of conversion voltages, while significantly reducing the conversion delay. The proposed circuit achieves a shorter propagation delay and a smaller silicon area for a given operating frequency and power consumption compared to other circuit solutions. Measurement results are presented for the proposed circuit fabricated in a 0.18-mm TSMC CMOS process. The presented circuit can convert a wide range of the input voltages from 330 mV to 1.8 V, and operate over a frequency range of 100-Hz to 100-MHz. It has a propagation delay of 29 ns, and power consumption of 61.5 nW for input signals 0.4 V, at a frequency of 500-kHz, outperforming previous designs. The second part of this research includes our proposed wireless power transfer systems for optogenetic applications. Optogenetics is the combination of the genetic and optical method of excitation, recording, and control of the biological neurons. This system combines multiple technologies such as MEMS and microelectronics to collect and transmit the neuronal signals and to activate an optical stimulator through a wireless link. Since optical stimulators consume more power than electrical stimulators, the interface employs induction power transmission using innovative means instead of the battery with the small capacity as a power source.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 30 January 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/33348
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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