Tsunami generation by potential, partially submerged rockslides in an abandoned open-pit mine : the case of Black Lake, Quebec, Canada

Authors: Leblanc, JonathanTurmel, DominiqueLocat, Jacques; Harbitz, Carl B.; Løvholt, Finn; Kim, Jihwan; Grenon, MartinLocat, Ariane
Abstract: The Black Lake rockslide is located on the east wall of an open-pit mine initially operated by LAB Chrysotile near Thetford Mines, Quebec. Movements were observed in July 2012 when a volume of 2.0 x 107 m3 was mobilized, destroying a large portion of Highway 112. Mining operations ceased in 2012, causing the complete shutdown of the pumping system whose goal was to prevent the rise of water level in the pit. As the water level increases in the pit, it is essential to determine the potential of tsunami generation by possible partially submerged rockslides and to understand the potential impacts. A series of possible scenarios have been analyzed with regard to velocity and acceleration of the potential rockslide as well as the corresponding wave generation and inundation. Results from the simulation show that when the factor of safety of the global slope is less than unity, inundation would not reach the potentially vulnerable infrastructures. Maximum wave height will vary as a function of the filling of the lake, and the lower wave height relative to water depth will happen when the lake is completely filled.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 12 March 2018
Open Access Date: 16 January 2019
Document version: AM
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/33203
This document was published in: Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 55 (12), 1769-1780 (2018)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2017-0477
Conseil national de recherches du Canada
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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