La participation des agriculteurs aux démarches volontaires en agroenvironnement : le cas du programme Alternative Land Use Service (ALUS) en Ontario

Authors: Ouellet, Fernande
Advisor: Mundler, Patrick; Dupras, Jérôme
Abstract: Faced with the negative externalities arising from the intensification of agriculture, several industrialized countries, including Canada, have put in place intervention measures ranging from regulation to support. However, the literature shows that the adoption of beneficial management practices (BMPs) by farmers remains relatively limited to a clientele already convinced and that the sustainability of participation is not assured beyond the payment of aid. The absence of a market to monetize the environmental benefits of adopting BMPs also does not allow regulation by the market. Based on the collaboration between local actors and the involvement of the private sector in the financing of farmers' fees for producing environmental services, the Alternative Land Use Service (ALUS) program promote itself as an alternative between regulations, voluntary approaches and regulation by the market. This representation could well be translated into reality, since the program manages to involve farmers in large numbers, on a long-term basis. This study is based on documentary research and a series of 45 semi-structured interviews with participating farmers, coordinators, and Partnership Advisory Committee (PAC) members in four ALUS communities in Ontario. By mobilizing the economy of proximity, the present work aims at understanding farmers' reasons for participating in the program and tries to verify if the specificities that ALUS claims encourage farmers to participate on a long-term basis. The analysis shows that the specificities of the program have a different effect on participation and sustainability depending on the type of farmer, and that the coordination of the actors is highly dependant on networks and context.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 11 January 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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