Les processus freinant ou favorisant la reconnaissnce sociale des mères dont l'enfant est placé jusqu'à sa majorité en vertu de la Loi sur la protection de la jeunesse (LPJ)

Authors: Noël, Julie
Advisor: Saint-Jacques, Marie-Christine
Abstract: In Quebec, the placement of the child until the age of majority is one of the alternative life projects determined by the protection of youth services when the difficulties experienced by his parents significantly restrict their ability to exercise their parental role. This measure aims to provide the child with a stable living environment capable of meeting his needs. This placement is an important transition for the child and his family. For the child, it has a major impact on his future. For his parents who lose custody, state intervention is a significant event. Some studies indicate that the placement of the child disrupt parental identity, particularly because the placement leads to the loss of some form of significant social recognition. Based on the writings of Axel Honneth and Emmanuel Renault placing recognition at the heart of a contemporary definition of social justice, the aim of the thesis is to examine the processes that slow down or promote the social recognition of mothers of children placed under the Youth Protection Act (YPA). To achieve this goal, this qualitative study focuses on the population of mothers of children placed until the age of majority under the Youth Protection Act. Twenty-six interviews were conducted with 14 mothers and the thematic life narrative was used as a data collection method. Firstly, the results focus on the experiences of recognition and denial of recognition experienced by mothers. Secondly, a typology shows how these experiences articulate and interfere in the development of a socially valued identity. The results show that particular conditions hinder the social recognition of these mothers, such as the financial precariousness or the suffering caused by the placement of the child. In addition, there are relational issues that differ according to the type of foster care (regular foster care, kinship care, foster-to-adopt parents). The thesis demonstrates the importance for the mothers to have relationships within their immediate network although many have a more limited primary network. The typology also shows how non-recognition of the mothers’ needs, rights, status or skills affects their perception of their own worth. Finally, intervention guidelines for Youth protection services, regarding the development of a specialized resource and other recommendations of a political nature are discussed.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 10 January 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/33126
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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