Assessment of low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis : multimodality imaging is the key to success

Authors: Clavel, Marie-AnnickPibarot, Philippe
Abstract: In patients with aortic stenosis (AS), a low-flow state may occur with reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (i.e., classic low flow) or with preserved LVEF (i.e., paradoxical low flow) and it is often associated with low gradient because the gradient is highly flow-dependent. Low-flow, low-gradient (LF-LG) AS is a frequent clinical entity generally associated with worse outcomes. A multimodality imaging approach, including comprehensive resting echocardiography, dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), is the key to successful management of patients with LF-LG AS, who represent a highly challenging subset from both a diagnostic and a therapeutic standpoint. DSE and quantification of aortic valve calcification by MDCT provide important information that is crucial to differentiate true-severe from pseudo-severe AS and therefore select the most appropriate therapy (i.e., AVR vs. medical). The assessment of LV flow reserve by DSE is useful to stratify the operative risk and guide decision making between surgical and transcatheter AVR. Other imaging biomarkers, such as the global LV longitudinal strain measured during DSE or the amount of myocardial fibrosis assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, may provide incremental information for risk stratification and therapeutic management in LF-LG AS, but additional studies are needed to validate and refine these emerging biomarkers further.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 30 September 2014
Open Access Date: 27 July 2016
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working group on interventional cardiology of the European society of cardiology, Vol. 10, Suppl. U, p. U52-U60 (2014)
Alternative version: 25256332
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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