Étude de l'impact des enzymes exogènes sur la digestibilité des acides aminés chez le porc et le poulet : approche par méta-analyse
|Advisor:||Guay, Frédéric; Létourneau Montminy, Marie-Pierre|
|Abstract:||Phytates and non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) are abundant antinutritional factors in pig and broiler diets. Although phytates constitute a phosphorus (P) reservoir, this P is not available because monogastric animals produce a small amount of endogenous phytase. Microbial phytases have been incorporated into diets and has revealed the negative effect of phytates on the digestibility of amino acids (AA). In addition to phytates, NSPs are also indigestible and resistant to the digestion process in monogastric animals. The NSPs encapsulate also nutrients, which decrease AA and energy digestibility. It is important to know the mechanisms of action of phytase and xylanase in the degradation of antinutritional factors and improving the digestibility of AA, as well as apparent metabolizable energy content (AME). A meta-analysis approach allowed to establish models for predicting the digestibility of AA from dietary AA, phytase and NDF (Neutral Detergent Fiber) concentrations in pigs, and from dietary AA, phytase and phytic phosphorus (PP) concentrations in broilers. A predictive model of AA digestibility in broilers has also been established from xylanase supplementation and dietary NDF/NSP concentrations. Finally, xylanase activity, gross dietary energy (GE) and NDF/NSP concentrations were the best predictors of AME. The current models allow quantifying the effect of phytase on AA in pigs and broilers and the effect of xylanase on AA and AME in broilers, which is important to use these enzymes accurately in diet formulation.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||22 December 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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