Contribution de la kinase WNK1 à la guérison des plaies cornéennes

Authors: Desjardins, Pascale
Advisor: Guérin, SylvainGermain, Lucie
Abstract: The cornea, because of its superficial anatomical location, is continually subjected to abrasive forces and various traumas, which can lead to significant visual impairments. Damages to the corneal epithelium trigger important changes in the composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) to which the basal human corneal epithelial cells (hCECs) attach. These changes are perceived by integrins that activate different intracellular signalling pathways, ultimately leading to reepithelialization of the injured epithelium. The aims of this study was, first, to identify the signalling mediators whose expression and/or activation was altered during the healing process of the cornea, and second, to analyze the impact of the inhibition of one of these signalling mediators, the WNK1 kinase, on the corneal wound healing. Analysis of the gene profiling data and kinase arrays revealed important alterations in the expression and activity of several mediators, including the WNK1 kinase, in response to the ECM changes that occur during corneal wound healing. Using both monolayers of hCECs and tissue-engineered human corneas (hTECs) as in vitro models, we demonstrated that pharmacological inhibition of WNK1 by WNK463 significantly reduced the rate of corneal wound closure. In addition, Western blot analyzes and growth rate measurements have shown that inhibition of WNK1 prevents the activation of its downstream target proteins SPAK and OSR1, and alters the proliferative properties of hCECs, respectively. Finally, these results allowed the identification of WNK1 as an important player in the wound healing of the cornea, thus assigning a new function to this kinase. These results will therefore contribute to a better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in corneal wound healing and could lead to the identification of new therapeutic targets in the treatment of corneal wounds.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 22 December 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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