La perception des usagers de fauteuil roulant manuel envers les technologies géospatiales d'assistance à la mobilité

Authors: Prémont, Marie-Elise
Advisor: Vincent, ClaudeMostafavi, Mir Abolfazl
Abstract: Websites and mobile applications providing accessibility information for wheelchair users have increased in recent years. The advent of multimodal interfaces, through geospatial systems (route planners and navigation systems), also offers promising opportunities to help wheelchair users plan and then execute movements in the city. Geospatial assistive technologies are now emerging for them. However, the set of usability criteria to consider for evaluating this type of assistive technology is unknown despite the existence of several standardized questionnaires. This study proposes to document the needs and requirements of manual wheelchair users regarding geospatial assistive technologies and then to understand their usability through the "Matching Person and Technology" model. A scoping review was conducted to compile a list of specific criteria related to user interfaces and geospatial assistive technologies from standardized questionnaires. An exploratory crosssectional study has been carried out with 17 manual wheelchair users to make explicit their needs and expectations. As results, these criteria could be added to the technological factors already known via the "Matching Person and Technology" model for the usability of geospatial assistive technologies: Bluetooth, content, content-clarity, content-color, content-consistency, contentcredibility, content-legibility, content-relevance, content-trustworthy, content-understandable, delivery format, ease of navigation, everyday words, functions-expected, functions-integration, graphics, hands-free, input, network externality, structure and time spent waiting. Using the "Matching Person and Technology" model, the results suggest that actual use and familiarity with a given technology, as well as the expectations about information content and transportability, are important criteria for the adoption of geospatial assistance technology by the manual wheelchair users interviewed. Our results will help developers and clinicians to enhance the geospatial assistive technologies, structure the testing experimentations and make attribution recommendations.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 December 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32863
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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