L'intégration socioéconomique des populations des régions montagneuses au sud du Laos : le cas de la province de Champassak : 1981-2015

Authors: Landry-Desaulniers, Joany
Advisor: Déry, Steve
Abstract: During the past 35 years, like other countries in Southeast Asia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic went through major changes, especially as the Pathet Lao took control over the country, becoming the official Government. Many steps were taken by the new government to build the Lao nation, such as the ‘collectivization’ program. In 1986, after the failure of previous measures, the Communist Party implemented free-market reforms in a way to increase economic growth. This was done by encouraging foreign investment and the country’s economic development. Over the last three decades, Lao citizens had to adapt to these changes; especially in mountainous areas, where agrarian changes occurred. Among them, cash crops, monocropping and plantations have modified the landscape and the socioeconomic geography of the territory. From these findings, questions emerge, such as: Who is motivating socioeconomic and territorial integration of mountainous and marginal regions to different levels? What are the goals pursued by the actors of the socioeconomic and territorial integration and which strategies are adopted? What are the factors that contribute to various paces in the rhythm of adaptation? Where do people acquire their knowledge to adapt to the changes generated by integration policies and strategies? A better understanding of the process underlying the socioeconomic regional integration of the country into the global market, from 1981 to 2015, is the general objective of this research. Based on a case study of Bachieng Chaleunsouk and Pathoumphone districts, located at the margins of the Bolaven Plateau, in Champasak region, this research demonstrates how development generates new dynamics between the people, the state and the market.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 29 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32687
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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