Production de jus secondaire riche en polyphénols par la valorisation des résidus de canneberge combinée avec la cryoconcentration

Authors: Banzouzi, Steve Francial
Advisor: Aider, Mohammed
Abstract: The main objective of this project was to valorize the cranberry residues in order to produce a secondary juice rich in antioxidants. For this, the extracted soluble dry matter, rich in polyphenols and sugars, was concentrated by cryoconcentration at a freezing temperature of -20 ± 2 ° C. The first specific objective of this study was to determine the time of freezing and thawing of model solutions of sugars that are naturally present in cranberries such as sucrose, glucose, fructose and their mixture at a ratio similar to that of cranberry juice. The second specific objective was to extract the soluble dry matter from the cranberry residues and concentrate it by cryoconcentration, then to quantify the total polyphenol content and their distribution in the different phases during the thawing process of three fractions each of which represents one third of the initial volume of the solution. Cascade cryoconcentration was used and three fractions were harvested. For model solutions, the initial ° Brix degree was set at 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 ° Bx. For cranberry residues, 2.5% and 10% crushed and unmilled Cranberry residues were used. The results obtained showed that the freezing time of the mixture of sugars and sucrose is shorter than that of fructose and glucose. The degree Brix of the solutions were doubled to the first thawed fraction. Regarding the second specific objective of this project, two steps were considered: in the step # 1, cranberry residues were not crushed and in the step # 2, the cranberry residues were crushed. The results obtained in the step # 1 showed that the concentration of the total polyphenols in the thawed first fraction increased from 0.183 mg/ml to 0.238 mg/ml for the initial solution at a concentration of 10% of total dry matter, and from 0.056 mg/ml to 0.067 mg/ml for the initial solution with a concentration of 2.5% total dry matter. Moreover, the results showed that the dry matter of the thawed first fraction increased from 1.09 ± 0.02% to 2 ± 0.01% for the initial solution with a concentration of 10% total dry matter. Concerning the step # 2 of this specific objective, the polyphenol content of the thawed first fraction increased from 0.187 mg/ml to 0.252 mg/ml when the used initial solution was at a concentration of 2.5% total dry matter, and from 0.475 mg/ ml to 0.720 mg/ml for the initial solution with a concentration of 10% total dry matter. Regarding the total dry matter of the cryoconcentrated solutions, it increased from 0.94 ± 0.076% up to 1.86 ± 0.05% for the cranberry solution with an initial total dry matter concentration of 10%. The results obtained in the step # 1 and the step # 2 with the initial solution of 2.5% total dry matter showed almost constant results regarding the dry matter and total polyphenols. Regarding the color, the first thawed fraction of the vi cryoconcentration procedure showed a brighter color compared to the color of the initial solution. These results showed that it is possible to produce a secondary juice rich in polyphenols by valorizing cranberry residues combined with cryoconcentration. To improve the quality of the secondary juice as well as its yield, a synergy of ethanol and cryoconcentration could be applied. Indeed, this combination could allow an increase of the amount of total sugars and polyphenols in the cryoconcentrated secondary cranberry.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 28 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32640
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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