Effets de la concentration en magnésium dans les alliages d'Al-Mg sur la fabrication additive par soudage ultrasons

Authors: Rousseau, Jean Nicolas
Advisor: Blais, CarlGiguère, Nicolas
Abstract: Ultrasonic additive manufacturing enables the production of components by generation of bonds between thin foils by continuous ultrasonic welds. Since produced parts have mechanical properties closely linked to the base material, the selectionof foil is decisive and needs to be taken into consideration. The three alloys studied are 5005, 5052 and 5056. They are composed of 0.8, 2.4 and 4.9% weight of magnesium, respectively. The presence of Mg increases notably their mechanical properties. The influence of Mg content on UAM was investigated with respect to the physical changes of foils induced by deformation, welding energy, produced joints, mechanical properties in the different building directions and microstructure at the interface. Joint resistance was found to be correlated to welding energy input, where dominant effects are temperature, welding speed and the amplitude of vibration. Energy can be raised by a decrease of the welding speed as well as the enhancement of the amplitude of vibration, leading to better joints properties but affecting the mechanical responses in other build directions. A large number of components were successfully built and showed anisotropic properties due to the process itself and the use of strain-hardened foils. When comparing tensile results with base material, properties in the longitudinal direction (X) are up to 105% of the foil used, 100 % for the transverse direction (Y) and 45 % for the deposited direction (Z). Depending on the condition tested, tensile deformation up to 25 % in the X-direction and 7 % for the Y-direction was observed. On the other hand, the 5056 alloy could not be adequately welded and showed multiple areas where residual surface oxide was present, paired with adrastic increase of hardness at the interfacecomparatively to other alloys.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 28 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32637
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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