Fabrication de laits fermentés de type yogourt à base de babeurre
|Abstract:||Buttermilk has a similar composition to skim milk, but it is distinguished by its content in phospholipids, which gives it some demonstrated technical and health properties. Unfortunately, no food product exclusively made from buttermilk is available on the market. The objective of this project was to develop and characterize the properties of fermented buttermilk of firm yoghurt type. Yoghurts have been made from fresh buttermilk, buttermilk powder and skim milk powder, using five industrial starter cultures. The acidification rates and the various factors that affect the quality of fermented milks such as pH, cell survival, syneresis, texture, aromatic compounds and sensory properties were analyzed. The results showed that the acidification kinetics and the composition of the buttermilk-based fermented milks are comparable to the fermented skim milk yoghurt. Moreover, all the products were compliant with the microbiological and compositional standards/regulation. In addition, buttermilk-based yoghurts exhibited a significantly lower syneresis level than skim milk yoghurts. Sensory analysis of these new products showed a positive overall assessment, at least equivalent to the control yoghurts. The products developed are very promising. However, from the sensory point of view, a great variability in the quality of buttermilk powder was observed. Thus, to ensure the final product quality, special attention should be paid to buttermilk processing and storage conditions prior to its drying.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||28 November 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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