La carrière publique de l'intimidation au Québec Incursion dans l'économie morale de l'enfance

Authors: Gaudreault, David
Advisor: Fernandez, Fabrice
Abstract: Using the public career of school bullying (intimidation) in Québec, this research invites to explore the moral economy of childhood: the production, circulation and use of norms, roles, values and feelings related to children. A vast documentary and diachronic cross analysis was conducted to offer a new understanding of the dialogical co-construction of this public problem, to which participate the media, scientific and political spheres. The analysis suggests that the public problems’ trajectories might be cyclical rather than linear. Inside Québec, the theme of ‘school violence’ appears in the late 20th century through ‘taxage’, understood as the extortion or robbery perpetrated in the course of juvenile sociability. The Québec ‘school violence’ thus emerges in a political context of fight against ‘street gangs’ and teenage criminality. At the beginning of the 21th century, a reconsideration of youth offenders judicialization comes to oppose the repressive will of the state - it leads to a delegitimization of the police and judicial apparatuses dedicated to overcome ‘taxage’. Meanwhile, groups of ‘moral entrepreneurs’ extend the definition of unacceptability when it comes to youth aggressivity and redefine it in relation to new indisciplines that require measures of prevention and support. Henceforth, concerns move beyond the matters of security and dangerousness previously prominent. The public scenes that were investigated became at that period dominated by a feeling of vulnerable childhood. Leaving behind the risks that poses the youth, the problem’s rhetoric rearranges itself around the risks that weigh in on them. Psychological integrity, social dignity and liberty are major components of the moral economy of childhood and the basis of this ‘moral crusade’ - a social phenomenon that allows us to perceive the configurations of contemporary normativity.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 23 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32542
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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