Une étude des effets des monomères cycliques d'acides gras issus d'une huile végétale chauffée sur les marqueurs de la stéatose hépatique, de l'inflammation et du stress oxydant chez le rat

Authors: Mboma, Jean
Advisor: Jacques, HélèneAngers, Paul
Abstract: This study has three major objectives. It first seeks to determine the mechanisms by which cyclic fatty acid monomers (CFAM), which are derived from the frying of vegetable oils, induce the accumulation of lipids in the liver of rats. Then, it evaluates the effects of CFAM on the markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in these same rats. Finally, it aims to determine if these effects can be modulated by the quality of dietary lipids. To achieve these objectives, this study compares the effects of four diets on body composition, hepatic and plasma fatty acid and lipid profiles, activity or expression of liver enzymes, markers of carbohydrate homeostasis, inflammation and oxidative stress. The four diets differ in the source of dietary lipids (canola oil or soybean oil) and the addition of CFAM (0.0 or 0.5% of total dietary fat). Rats were fed these diets (n = 9 per group) for 28 days and biochemical parameters are analyzed in liver, plasma and urine. CFAM-fed rats showed increased hepatic triglycerides and plasma total cholesterol and VLDL+LDL cholesterol, decreased plasma HDL cholesterol and liver phosphatidylcholine, compared to rats fed CFAM-free diets. In addition, CFAM-fed rats showed higher concentrations of plasma 15-F2t-IsoP and 2,3dinor-15-F2t-IsoP than non-CFAM-fed rats. Finally, rats fed soybean oil and CFAM had elevated plasma and urinary concentrations of isoprostanes, neuroprostanes and interleukin-6 as compared to those fed canola oil and CFAM. This study shows that CFAM disrupt blood lipoprotein homeostasis and cause triglyceride accumulation in rat liver related to reduced liver phosphatidylcholine. In addition, the consumption of CFAM promotes the development of oxidative stress, and this effect and the impact of CFAM on inflammation are exacerbated by a diet rich in linoleic acid (soybean oil) compared to a diet rich in oleic acid (canola oil).
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 23 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32541
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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