Produit ici, consommé ici : évaluation du potentiel productif et de l'adéquation entre production et consommation alimentaire pour les régions de Québec et Chaudière-Appalaches

Authors: Des Roberts, Marilou
Advisor: Mundler, Patrick
Abstract: Based mainly on industrial, specialized and increasingly concentrated agriculture, the food system of the industrialized countries is now highly criticized because of its negative externalities on the environment, land use and employment. In order to reconnect food and agriculture and to reduce the distances traveled by food, many initiatives seek to reduce the number of intermediaries in the food system and bring geographically closer production and consumption. In Canada, large cities have programs that promote local food. We developed a methodology and a model to answer these questions: Would we be able to meet all our needs through local production? If not, in which proportion? From available statistics, we evaluated the potential production of the regions under study (Capitale-Nationale and Chaudière-Appalaches) and then analyzed the adequacy between production and food consumption. Results show that the studied territory could produce up to 155% of the calories needed by its population, but livestock farming pulls the theoretical coverage of food needs down to 38%. The actual coverage rate of local needs by local products varies from less than 5% to more than 400%, depending on the food item. This percentage is unique to the region, but our model could be applied at different scales, and in any region. A field survey allowed us to seek the representation of agri-food stakeholders in the local food issue. All stakeholders are in favor of relocating food. On the other hand, they all believe that the price of local food is higher, which does not play in favor of local food. Key words: local food system, local food, food production capacity, food self-sufficiency, foodshed, calorie, Quebec.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 23 November 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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