Comportement des assemblages antiglissement dans les ponts de type platelage en aluminium sur poutres en acier
|Advisor:||Annan, Charles-Darwin; Fafard, Mario|
|Abstract:||Aluminium’s high strength to weight ratio, coupled with its extrudability and high corrosion resistance makes it very promising in a durable and efficient bridge concept, where an aluminium honeycombed-deck rests on steel girders. It is advantageous to develop a composite behavior between the multicellular aluminium deck and the steel girders, but many challenges hinder the composite behavior, developed by slip critical bolted connections. Indeed, the design of such connectors need to take into account: galvanic corrosion, the slip factor at the faying surface between steel and aluminium, the thermal expansion factor of aluminium, which is twice that of steel, and the installation challenges of the shear connectors. An experimental program was drafted to evaluate the performance of the identified shear connectors. The 6063-T6 aluminium alloy, the ASTM F3125 grade A325 and F1852 bolts as well as two blind bolts, Ajax’s Oneside and Huck’s Ultra-Twist, were tested. The short-term slip tests reveal that the slip factor and the joint rigidity increase when thicker aluminium plates are used, and that, in contact with sandblasted aluminium, metallized steel yields a higher slip factor and joint rigidity then hot-dip galvanized steel. Relaxation induced by slip caused a systematic and significant decrease of the bolt preload during slip. The achieved initial bolt preload of the identified shear connectors is appropriate, but the standard deviation of the blind bolts is high. The measured relaxation is similar to that of an all hot-dip galvanized steel joints and retightening the bolts is an efficient method to reduce it. Temperature cycles yield acumulative loss of the bolt preload and a decrease in temperature yields a direct reduction of the bolt preload. Finally, the slip resistance estimated at 75 years and at -47°C is largely superior to the design slip resistance.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||23 November 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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