Habitudes alimentaires et risque cardiométabolique au cours d'une année universitaire

Authors: Bernier-Bergeron, Frédérique
Advisor: Blackburn, Patricia
Abstract: Unhealthy lifestyle is associated with an increased risk of developing obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The transition to university is associated with deterioration in lifestyle and many studies observed a weight gain during this critical period. This could have a negative impact on the cardiometabolic risk profile of young adults. The objective of this study was to describe changes in anthropometric measurements, metabolic profile, physical fitness and food intakes of students during one academic year. A total of 50 university students were involved in this study. All measurements were made at the beginning and at the end of the school year. Food intakes were assessed using the FFQ-WEB, an online self-administered quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Our results showed a significant increase in waist circumference in both men and women, while body mass index and weight were significantly increased in men. There was no significant change in physical fitness, nor in macronutrient intakes. However, vegetables and fruits consumption decreased. Total, LDL and HDL cholesterol, as well as apolipoprotein B, increased significantly in men. In women, HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B increased significantly, while the total/HDL cholesterol ratio decreased. In conclusion, this study confirms that transition to university could be associated with deterioration in metabolic profile and eating habits. Targeted interventions should be developed to help university students achieve or maintain a healthy lifestyle, including diet, during this period.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 22 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32487
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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