Cell- and input-specific expression of the α5-GABAAR in the CA1 area of the mouse hippocampus

Authors: Amalyan, Sona
Advisor: Topolnik, Lisa
Abstract: In the hippocampus, memory and learning processes are highly dependent on the GABAergic inhibition, which is provided by a heterogeneous population of interneurons (INs) via activation of specific sub-types of GABA receptors. The alpha5-GABAAR subunit (α5-GABAAR) is highly expressed in the hippocampus of the mouse, monkey and human brain. It has been reported that, in the CA1 pyramidal cells, this subunit is predominantly located at extrasynaptic sites, where it is responsible for generation of tonic inhibitory conductance. Whether the α5-GABAAR subunit can be targeted to specific types of synapses in distinct cell types remains unknown. Using immunohistochemistry and electophysiological approach in mouse hippocampal slices, we studied the cell- and synapse-specific expression of the α5-GABAAR subunit in the CA1 oriens/alveus INs. Our results demonstrate that the α5-GABAAR subunit is mainly expressed in the somatostatin-positive INs. In addition, the subunit density was higher in proximal dendrites and declined with distance from the soma, consistent with a distance-dependent decrease in the density of inhibitory synapses. Furthermore, the α5-GABAAR was targeted to synapses made by the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP+)- and calretinin (CR+)-expressing inputs and to a lesser extent to those made by the parvalbumin-positive (PV+) projections. In summary, our results show that the α5-GABAAR subunit exhibits a cell- and input-specific expression in the CA1 hippocampus. As the α5-GABAAR subunit has been implicated in several diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease and Down syndrome, the new insights into the α5-GABAAR localization will be important for the development of cell- and site-specific therapy.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 22 November 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/32486
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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