Évolution des discours de l'État québécois en matière de condition féminine

Authors: Bouchard-Sylvain, Naelie
Advisor: Mercier, Élisabeth
Abstract: This thesis explores the change of perspective of the Quebec government concerning the status of women, in connection with the transition from a welfare state to a neoliberal state. First of all, a brief historical portrait of the creation of the Ministry of the Status of Women (ministère de la Condition feminine) (1979) as well as the successive governments in Quebec is drawn. This illustrates the transformations that have taken place in the conduct of the affairs of the Quebec State. Indeed, this ministry was set up by René Lévesque’s Parti Québécois (1976), which was largely inspired by the welfare state model and later on, particularly under the government of Lucien Bouchard (1996), a shift was made towards a state inspired by neoliberal rationality. Using the method of critical discourse analysis, this thesis then identifies the manifestations of neoliberal rationality in the set of government action plans dealing with equality between the women and men produced by the ministry associated with the Status of Women from 1979 to 2016. The analysis is based on a conceptual framework at the core of which is neoliberalism and more specifically, the two dimensions of individual responsibility and entrepreneurial self. The results of the analysis show how the welfare state, interventionist, addresses inequalities between the women and the men as arising from a structural fact while the neoliberal, non-interventionist, state deals with the status of women as well as gender inequalities in an individualizing manner.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 23 October 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/31863
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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