Cavités laser de haute puissance sans épissure

Authors: Gouin, Samuel
Advisor: Bernier, MartinVallée, Réal
Other Title(s): Cavité laser de haute puissance sans épissure
Abstract: In a rapidly growing market, high power fiber laser development is key in making this technology available to a large number of industries. Laser manufacturers must constantly develop new methods to upgrade lasers performances and reliability if they want to keep a significant market share. Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) inscription in a continuous doped fiber segment allows the possibility for a splice less laser cavity, such a laser cavity being more reliable, fasterto build and granting higher laser efficiencies.The experiments demonstrated the feasibility of FBG inscription in an ytterbium doped fiber with a sufficient reflectivity and low enough heating losses to withstand an emission power of 538 W with 77% laser efficiency, the maximum power being currently limited by the available pump power. By extrapolating the data, it is found that the gratings have a low enough heating slope to support a laser emission of 1030 W. The different laser cavities assembled showed that it is very difficult to make a splice less single mode laser cavity in a high brightness fiber, because the injection mode filtering technique cannot be used. However, it has been shown that by using a large mode area fiber (LMA), a splice less single mode laser cavity can be made and that counter-pumping yields the best efficiency. Numerical simulations allowed us to understand that the power distribution inside of the laser creates an uneven heating between the FBG, making extra considerations mandatory to avoid spectral shift between the gratings. The project has shown that it is conceivable to commercialise a splice less laser emitting 1 kW in a near future and that the current available technology would allow such a realisation.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 17 October 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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