Associations entre les caractéristiques physiques et nutritionnelles et les concentrations circulantes de caroténoïdes chez les hommes et les femmes

Authors: Allore, Tatiana
Advisor: Couillard, CharlesLemieux, Simone
Abstract: Adherence to nutritional recommendations is an important part of leading a healthy lifestyle and preventing chronic diseases. However, health professionals consider the evaluation of eating habits to be a challenge given the potential biases of dietary questionnaires which are frequently based on self-reported data. Circulating carotenoid concentrations, which are considered reliable biomarkers of dietary carotenoid intake as well as of fruits and vegetables consumption, are often used in the validation of dietary assessment tools. However, our group demonstrated the presence of a sex difference in circulating carotenoids as women have been reported to display higher concentrations compared to men. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify determinants of plasma carotenoid concentrations. We compiled data from men and women enrolled in a series of fully-controlled dietary interventions we conducted in recent years. This data allowed us to evaluate the physical and metabolic determinants, beyond fruit and vegetable intake, which predicted circulating carotenoid concentrations in men and women. and determined the contribution of various physical and metabolic determinants to circulating carotenoids in men and women. We found that body weight and circulating high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations contribute to the difference in circulating carotenoid concentrations noted between men and women. Our results suggest that variations in physical characteristics and the plasma lipid profile should be taken into account when using plasma carotenoids as biomarkers of food intake in men and women.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 12 October 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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