Croissance et architecture du sapin baumier en réponse au broutement de l'orignal

Authors: Boudreau LeBlanc, Antoine
Advisor: Tremblay, Jean-PierreBoudreau, Stéphane
Abstract: The increase in density of large herbivorous mammals influence s forest dynamic s by altering the growth and survival of consumed species which led to substantial biodiversity and economic loss worldwide. A lack of knowledge about the effect of those herbivores on plant growth or the impact of differential growth imposed by herbivore behaviours on forest composition and structure limits the establishment of an effective survey program of the plant – herbivore systems. Only few ecological indicators, based on morphological monitoring, could efficiently measure those effects on the forest renewal, but they are time - consuming and imprecise. Tree architecture could simplify the browsed morphology of juvenile trees by using the prime architectural response of plant to physical trauma (reiteration) and serve as a tool to quantify precisely the browsing events and its effect on vertical growth of trees. This master project aims to quantify the stall in growth of juvenile balsam firs (0.5 – 5 m high) caused by moose in winter yards, and to produce a morphologically based, field - ready typology to monitor the effects of browsing on the regeneration of pure balsam fir stands. Using dendroarchitecture analyses, this study analyzed the relation between reconstructed browsing history, vertical growth, the reiteration strategy, and morphological at tributes using balsam firs collected in the Seigneurie de Beaupré ( Qc, CA ). The results indicated a negative relationship between height and the level of the cumulated apical browsing pressure on the trunk, and associate this stall in vertical growth to morphological attributes. I propose then a phytometer measuring the effects of browsing on the boreal forest dynamic where ungulates and balsam firs are abundant. The implementation of multiple ecological indicators within national and regional ecoforest survey programs would result in the formal inclusion of the herbivore – forest interactions, thereby facilitating the integrated and sustainable management of ungulates and forests.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 9 October 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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