La postmodernité comme expérience de la fragmentation : genèse et développement de la transition sociétale à partir d'une lecture des formes esthétiques

Authors: Boulé, Éric
Advisor: Gagné, Gilles
Abstract: From the point of view of the theory of the society, the exit from the modernity can be understood as the withdrawal of an unity ideal of the society as well as a consistency one of the subjective experience of the social life, an ideal that has been governed and directed by the principle of the universal reason. In that sense, and for saying it in an imaging way, we will say that this exit from the modernity is a progressive passage from verticality toward horizontality; there is no more regulating and transcendent principle enlightening humanity, pulling it up to its heights, the focal point has been gone. The postmodern subject is from now on evolving by taking contact a posteriori with what is standing in front of him, hic et nunc, in that same moment of its constitution and from the surrounding diversity. This transformation of the relation to the totality, as typical as a crisis, imprints and inscribes itself within all the dimensions of the social practice. The aesthetic and expressive dimension of the human practice then also holds, necessarily, the mark of that progressive erosion of the being mode of the modernity and appears as an effort to end the representation regime. On the aesthetic operation plan, this effort is without a doubt one of the fundamental characteristics of the exit of the modernity. The postmodern mutation of the being mode related to the modern world is objectively translated by expressive wills that are actualizing and showing themselves in artworks which are their echoes, as much as efforts to end with the representation. It is then possible, and that is what I will try to show in this thesis, to read these different dialectical moments of the postmodern societal transition, from a selective typology of formal propositions of expressive unity which aim to replace, within these provocations addressed to the sensibility, the unifying function of the exterior referent, although it was subjective or objective. So these are artworks (that I assert that they are archetypal) that are going to be examined here, artworks that are coming from the architecture, painting, music and cinema domains, artworks that will serve at my effort to illustrate the new expressive will linked to, according to me, the general mutation of the culture held by the postmodernity. The examination of these artworks will also show that a fragmentation process is working at the heart of the deployment of the postmodernity; that this « processive » fragmentation becomes also for the subject, in its constatation and in its re-catching, an invitation to free composition of possible worlds.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 4 October 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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