Impact du taux de stéroïdes circulants sur la distribution du tissu adipeux et les altérations métaboliques chez la femme

Authors: Marchand, Geneviève B.
Advisor: Tchernof, André
Abstract: The physiopathology of obesity is a complex phenomenon resulting in many metabolic complications like type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia. Adipose tissue depots from various locations are morphologically heterogeneous and a preferential accumulation in the visceral area is more closely associated with metabolic disorders than subcutaneous fat accumulation. The sex dimorphism observed in human body fat distribution supports important role for sex hormones in this phenomenon. The goal of this master thesis was to elucidate the relation between plasma steroid hormone levels, adipose tissue distribution and cardiometabolic risk variables in women. First, we studied the relation between circulating estrogens and adiposity as well as metabolic parameters in menopausal women. We observed positive associations between estrogens and metabolic alterations such as insulin resistance, but these associations were explained by the concomitant variation of total body fat mass. Second, we investigated the associations between androgens, their metabolites and precursors, with adipose tissue distribution and function in premenopausal women. We observed that many androstanes were negatively related with total adiposity. Moreover, some steroids, especially pregnenolone were negatively associated with markers of adipose tissue dysfunction. Together, ours results point toward the importance of adipose tissue in the regulation of circulating sex hormones.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 26 September 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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