microRNAs mediating E-selectin-dependent metastatic abilities of colon cancer cells and the signaling mechanisms behind their regulation
|Advisor:||Huot, Jacques; Simard, Martin|
|Abstract:||Extravasation of circulating cancer cells is a key event of metastatic dissemination that is initiated by the adhesion of cancer cells to vascular endothelial cells. It requires the interaction between adhesion receptors such as E-selectin present on endothelial cells and their ligands on cancer cells. Notably, E-selectin influences the metastatic potential of breast, bladder, gastric, pancreatic, and colorectal carcinoma as well as of leukemia and lymphoma. Here, we show that E-selectin expression is targeted by two distinct sets of microRNAs (miRNAs); i.e. miR-31, which targets E-selectin mRNA directly, and miR-146a and -181a/b, which repress E-selectin expression indirectly by targeting the upstream pro-inflammatory NF-κB pathway. MAP kinases play pivotal roles in the transcription of some of these miRNAs in response to IL-1β, in that p38 and JNK control the transcription of miR-31, and that p38, ERK and JNK mediate the transcription of miR-146a. The downstream transcription factors of MAK kinases, namely GATA2, c-Fos and c-Jun modulate the transcription of both miRNAs. Inhibiting p38 MAP kinase increases NF-κB activity, at least partially via miR-146a. Inhibiting p38 also increases the expression of E-selectin at the post-transcriptional level via decreasing miR-31. In response to IL-1β, p38 MAP kinase hence represses the expression of E-selectin at the transcriptional and the post-transcriptional levels, via miR-146a and miR-31, respectively. These results highlight a novel mechanism by which p38 downregulates the expression of E-selectin through microRNAs following inflammatory stimuli. The miR-31/-146a-mediated repression of E-selectin impairs the metastatic potential of colon cancer cells by decreasing their adhesion to, and migration through, the endothelium. These results highlight for the first time that miRNAs mediate E-selectindependent extravasation of colon cancer cells.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||26 September 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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