La construction comme système technique : l'habitat du quartier Notre-Dame de la ville de Lévis de 1865 à 1927

Authors: Ruelland, Alexis
Advisor: Dufaux, François
Abstract: This thesis is a systemic and systematic study of the production of the built environment of the Notre-Dame neighborhood in Lévis (Quebec, Canada) from 1865 to 1927. It connects characteristics of the built form with descriptors of the society which transforms it. Quantitative and qualitative data is aggregated and georeferenced in a geographical information system (GIS). Historical maps allow for the reconstitution of the urban morphogenesis, and the insurance plans provide a material description of all the town’s buildings. Social data on the tenants is gathered from the Marcotte directories. The database is analyzed with descriptive (diachronic) and bivariate (synchronic) statistics. A review of the historical context and the study of construction financing, through the notary archives, lead to the interpretation of those analyses. The main result of this research is a detailed description of the built environment as a system. Engines of the morphological transformation of the town’s build environment are found in the relationship between the urban and built form, the historical context (population, territory, economy, society and transportation) and the tenants (gender, socio-professional and linguistic groups). The systemic relationships hypothesized range from largescale political and economic influences to the individual decisions, opportunities and limits. The study of construction financing puts the actions of builders in the concrete framework of economic decisions. It also reveals the previously unknown influence of Lévis’s Permanent Construction Society on the built environment and economy of the town. This research can be qualified as exploratory because of its difficulty to confirm the hypotheses suggested by the data. Nonetheless, theses hypotheses offer a synthesis of the phenomena defining the production of Lévis built environment from 1865 to 1927. They put the act of building at the meeting point of individual choices and social constraints
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 21 September 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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