Stratégies transfusionnelles chez les victimes de traumatismes craniocérébraux

Authors: Boutin, Amélie
Advisor: Turgeon-Fournier, AlexisMoore, Lynne
Abstract: Optimal red blood cell transfusion practices remain unclear for patients with moderate and severe traumatic brain injuries. Considering evidences are lacking and scientific experts have expressed divergent opinions, we conducted a systematic review and two cohort studies to evaluate red blood cell transfusion practices in this population. These three studies had for objective to describe red blood cell transfusions frequency, to evaluate potential determinants and to estimate the association between red blood cell transfusions and clinical outcomes, such as mortality. The systematic review allowed to synthetize knowledge currently available in published studies regarding red blood cell transfusion. We observed a high frequency of transfusion across studies, with 36% (95%CI 28 to 44; 23 studies) being transfused at some point during hospital stay. Reported hemoglobin thresholds varied between 60 and 100 g/L. Few studies evaluated potential determinants. No significant difference in mortality between patients who received transfusion or not was observed. However, lenght of stay were longer following transfusions. Our canadian multicenter cohort study highlighted the variability in transfusionnal practices across the country, with transfusion frequencies varying from16 to 35% (mean 28%, 95%CI 27 to 29%). We identified serious extracerebral traumas and anemia as major determinants of transfusions. We also observed an increased risk of unfavorable outcomes (mortality, complications, lenght of stay) in patients who were transfused compared to those who were not, in adjusted statistical models. Our provincial cohort study, using hospital laboratory and pathology data, allowed to characterize the evolution of hemoglobin levels over intensive care unit stay, as well as transfusion practices. We observed a median pre-transfusional hemoglobin level of 81 g/L (IQR 67 to 100). After adjustment, unfavorable outcomes were significantly more frequent in transfused patients than non transfused. We observed a non significant trend toward higher risk ratios of unfavorable outcomes after transfusions in strata of patients with higher hemoglobin levels in most models.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2016
Open Access Date: 19 September 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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