Être homme, infirmier et heureux : les stratégies de vingt infirmiers en centre hospitalier pour composer avec la souffrance au travail

Authors: Déry, François
Advisor: Tremblay, Gilles
Abstract: For several decades, the Quebec healthcare system has been confronted with major structural and economic transformations. These transformations have significant social impacts on health system staff, such as repeated job changes, shift work, job insecurity, and sometimes job loss. Possible psychological impacts include an increase of occupational stress. Occupational stress, or work suffering, of male nurses working in hospitals in Quebec is the central element studied in this thesis. Males remains a small minority in the nursing workforce, which may represent a source of stress in the workplace. Overall, sources of pleasure and suffering, ways to cope with suffering at work and male gender are the main concepts examined in this research. To access this information, semi-directed interviews were conducted with 20 male nurses from different hospitals in Quebec. The transcriptions were analyzed with the QDA Miner software, using Dejours'(1993) work psychodynamics theory. To complete the analysis of effective solutions against suffering at work as well as the role of gender, Antonovsky's (1979) theory of salutogenesis and Butler's (199) theory of performativity have been added to the theoretical framework. The results of the analysis show that the notion of care is central to the sources of pleasure for the respondents, precisely the ability to help and make a difference in the lives of patients. On the contrary, the economic and political situation of the management of the health network appears as one of the most stressful elements for the respondents, the latter having far-reaching impacts on daily work. Also, teamwork has a shared role, being both a source of pleasure and a source of potential suffering. Then, the most common solutions used by nurses to cope with suffering at work are sport, recreation, social support and reorganization of work tasks. Finally, regarding the role of the male gender in the dynamics of work-related suffering, the answers of the respondents indicated that the concept of being a man is very diversified. Some similar elements in the answers relate to the practice of nursing, which would be more pragmatic and solution-oriented when practiced by a man. The respondents, by their answers, show that, on the one hand, the clientele sees the entry of men as a good thing for the nursing profession, and on the other hand, that the expectations of the female colleagues and employer on the role that must occupy a male nurse remains strongly anchored in the traditional image of a man for these two actors. According to these findings, an urgent need remains in the employer's openness to collaborate with their employees in the search and the practical application of solutions to cope with the suffering at work.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 11 September 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/31153
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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