Formation des sujets lecteurs enseignants dans le secondaire au Gabon

Authors: Abeme Ndong, Mireille
Advisor: Sauvaire, Marion
Abstract: Our doctoral research focuses on the training of French Teacher readers (SLE) subjects in secondary school in Gabon. Due to the introduction of the methodical reading in the official instructions in Gabon in the ’90s, the teaching of literary reading remains organized around activities that obscuring the reader’s subjectivity. Yet many educationalists argue that any reading is subjective (Rouxel and Langlade 2004 ; Louichon 2011 ; Sauvaire, 2013), and that the involvement of the reader would stimulate personal reactions and plural readings. In the continuity of recent work on literary reading, particularly on the training of readers (Mazauric, Fourtainier and Langlade, 2011 ; Émery-Bruneau, 2013 ; Ahr, 2014 ; Sauvaire, 2015), and following the overview of French teaching in Gabon that we have established (Abeme Ndong, 2015), we defend the idea that training of future French Teachers (FEF) in literary reading would be a prerequisite for taking into account of subjectivity of students readers. Our research is based on an experiment to integrate literary reading in the training of future secondary French Teachers at the Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) of Libreville in Gabon. We believe that initiating the FEF to literary reading enables generating personal and varied readings leading to an interpretation of the literary reading text. It should, however, be noted that the difficulty lies in the fact that in Gabon the influence of the structuralist school on teaching of literature still prevails. Thus, given in lectures, the methodical reading focuses on learning the tools of text studied analysis, without a real participation of the readers. The teaching of literary reading boils down to the construction of a unique meaning by the Teacher (Duquesne, 1993 ; Langlade, 2004a). We designed an educational device to combine the structural analysis knowledge of the texts that the future teachers possess with the current didactic approaches to subjective reading. This training research was conducted as follows: First, we designed a teaching device for a collection of poems based on individual readings of texts and their interpretations by the FEF in collaborative activities. Second, we conducted our experiment with a FEF class from ENS in Gabon. This mechanism should bring the FEF by a back and forth between the texts and the readers, to enrich each other and to promote a reflexive posture (Bucheton...
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 11 September 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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