La justice aux études supérieures : l'incidence du contexte d'études sur la réalisation de la carrière scolaire de femmes autochtones universitaires

Authors: Joncas, Jo Anni
Advisor: Pilote, AnnieRodon, Thierry
Abstract: This thesis focuses on issues regarding educational justice in Canadian higher education institutions. We are specifically interested in the low education rates of indigenous university students. We adopted an intersectional perspective and chose to exclusively work with indigenous women pursuing higher education at the university level. The analysis of the school career of indigenous women is particularly enlightening to better understand the justice −or injustice− of Canadian educational systems because of the complexity of the multiple forms of oppression they face. The social justice theory of Amartya Sen, founded on the capability approach, and the main concepts to which it relates, shape the basis of this study’s theoretical and conceptual framework. This theory focuses on the individuals’ choices of being and doing. The main objective of this thesis is to assess the influence of the context of studies on the possibilities of indigenous women to achieve the school career they want. Based on a multicase study, we investigated two universities in the province of Quebec (Canada). One of the universities offers very limited support to indigenous students, while the other has numerous measures, policies and services directed towards indigenous students. In each university, we conducted a three-staged data collection process: a) an educational policy analysis (national, provincial and of local policies); b) semi-structured interviews with staff members (faculty and administrative staff) on their professional experience with indigenous students; and c) life story interviews with indigenous women about their school careers. Our multidimensional analysis process looked at different social levels. At the macrosocial level, we conducted a literature review of the respondents' contexts of study. At the mesosocial level, we conducted a thematic analysis of the data gathered from interviews with university staff. At the microsocial level, we made a thematic analysis of the students' school careers. To conclude the analysis, we did a cross-sectional analysis of these three levels of data, which allowed us to meet our research objective. This thesis provides several interesting conclusions. Our results identify the effects of international, national, provincial and local initiatives on the deployment of our participants’ educational possibilities. For example, the international measures addressing indigenous education...
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 11 September 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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