La vie musicale de cinq jeunes filles suivant des leçons extrascolaires d'instrument de musique : les facteurs contribuant à leur engagement pour la pratique d'activités musicales au quotidien, et la perception de leur professeur et parent sur leur vie musicale

Authors: Daigle, Véronique
Advisor: Dubé, Francis; O'Neill, Susan A.
Abstract: Evidence from the literature in music education indicates that students taking private music lessons outside the school system often experience motivational problems that result in their giving up formal music learning. There are two critical periods associated with this problem; in the first 18 months of learning (McPherson & Davidson, 2006) and following the transition from elementary to secondary school. Studies have also demonstrated a decrease in young people’s valuing of music learning when they start secondary school (O’Neill, 2001). However, those same students tend to show a growing interest in informal musical activities that take place outside of school, and this phenomenon has been found in several countries (McPherson & O’Neill, 2010). Not only do youth learn music through formal learning approaches (Peluso, 2012) , they also learn through multiple voluntary musical activities, including informal ones. To foster musical learning and engagement, it is important for teachers to establish links between their formal pedagogy and their students’ musical experiences (Peluso, 2012). In order to do that, we need a better understanding of young people’s music learning activities, including informal music learning experiences. To addresses this gap in our understanding, the first objective of this study was to identify, describe and categorize all the music learning activities performed daily by students taking private music lessons outside of the school system. The second objective was to identify the reasons why students engage voluntarily in their music learning activities. The third objective was to describe the influence of these activities on students’ music engagement. The fourth objective was to examine instrumental teachers’ interests in their students’ music activities and what teachers did to establish links between those activities and their music pedagogy. The last objective was to compare students’ perceptions of their musical activities with their parents’ perceptions and opinions about those activities. Five students, five parents and five teachers took part in the research. Many different forms of data collection were used: observations, video recordings, notes, interviews, questionnaires and e - journals. Results indicated that the students engaged in a wide variety of musical activities that took place within a diverse range of contexts. Results also indicated that informal music learning activities tended to motivate students to engage in music more than formal music learning practices. Furthermore, the way teachers and students talked about the students’ musical environment was different. For the students, all the factors were interrelated and interacted with each other, whereas, for the teachers there was a lack of interconnection. Results also indicated similarities between the participants as well as differences regarding their musical engagement and learning ecologies. Finally, the results indicated avenues for reflection on how to foster links between students’ music activities and teachers’ pedagogical approach.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 10 September 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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