Monitoring thermal variations in carbon capture by brucite

Authors: Aksenova, Diana
Advisor: Larachi, FaïcalBeaudoin, GeorgesMaldague, Xavier
Abstract: Rapid increment of the level of carbon concentration in ambient air in consequence of various human activities is one of the major environmental challenges of 21st century. Therefore, solving carbon emissions issues is one of the main tasks of the modern society. Variety of technologies have been developed and tested over the past decades to alleviate this concern. Mineral carbonation is recognized as one of the safest technologies that allows to capture and permanently store carbon in the form of thermally stable carbonates. Passive mineral carbonation by mining residues as a naturally occurring process takes place under environmental conditions anywhere where the air and water access to mining residue heap can be obtained. The present work explores the use of infrared thermography as a non-destructive method of monitoring exothermal behavior of passive carbon capture by brucite. Dual-cell carbonation setup consolidated with an infrared camera was designed in order to provide simultaneous monitoring of thermal variations on the surface of the material due to CO2 uptake as well as exchange of heat fluxes between brucite and its surroundings. The results show a significant influence of room temperature on the system that contributed to heat exchange of the reactive layer with the surrounding. The temperature profiles comparison between reference and reactive half-cells demonstrates striking differences in thermal variations than the adiabatic temperature due to the room temperature influence. Adiabatic temperature rise in comparison with surface temperature profiles demonstrates a substantial difference in carbonation heat generation rate due to heat fluxes exchange with surrounding during the process.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 31 August 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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