Identités et exotisme : représentations de soi et des autres dans la presse coloniale française au XIXe siècle (1830-1880)

Authors: Demougin, Laure
Advisor: Pinson, GuillaumeThérenty, Marie-Ève
Abstract: Identities and exoticism : representations of self and others in the french colonial press in the 19th century (1830-1880) Local newspapers were published in French colonial areas following the same evolution as the national newspapers: between 1830 and 1880, media-rich times, the press represents a significant publishing-platform for literary texts. Colonial newspapers contain texts adjusted to their respective geographic areas, but keep the same structure regardless, thereby allowing the comparison between the strategies leading to the building of colonial identities. The diversity and the different evolution pathways of these texts may then be considered as the missing link between the travel narratives and the early-20th century defined colonial literature. As such, they can undoubtedly be considered as a significant corpus of colonial times. These texts reflect the identity role this colonial-area adjusted media literature had: by adapting exoticism to the colonial conditions, by varying the criterion of alterity and by many other ways, local press founds, partially, a colonial attitude that can further be found, mutatis mutandis, in the French colonial empire. This is also the reason the 19th-century colonial-media corpus is at the crossroads of both colonial literature and postcolonial writing problematics: as a place for publication, novelty, identity essays, and literary genre essays, the colonial newspaper witnessed the creation, between 1830 and 1880, of writing mechanisms that would eventually develop later on.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 8 August 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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