Psychopathie et représentations d'attachement chez des couples consultant en psychothérapie

Authors: Mayer, Josée
Advisor: Sabourin, StéphaneSavard, Claudia
Abstract: Psychopathic personality traits are associated to multiple couple difficulties (Savard, Sabourin, & Lussier, 2006, 2011) that can also have negative effects on adult romantic attachment (Savard, Brassard, Lussier, & Sabourin, 2015). Despite high levels of relationship distress, insecure attachment and dysfunctional personality traits in couples seeking treatment (Daspe, Sabourin, Péloquin, Lussier, & Wright, 2013; Lussier, Wright, & Sabourin, 2008; Mikulincer & Shaver, 2007), the joint contribution of psychopathic traits and attachment insecurities to couple distress has only been explored in community couples so far. The aim of the study is to examine the dyadic association between primary and secondary psychopathy and attachment related anxiety and avoidance in couples seeking treatment. The sample consisted of 183 couples, who completed French versions of the Self-Reported Psychopathy Scale (LSRP; Levenson, Kiehl, & Fitzpatrick, 1995; Savard, Lussier, & Sabourin, 2014) and the Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire (ECR; Brennan, Clark & Shaver, 1998; Lafontaine & Lussier, 2003). Actor-partner interdependence model analyses revealed that in both partners, primary and secondary psychopathy was associated with attachment anxiety and avoidance (actor effects). Partner effects between primary psychopathy and attachment anxiety were also found in both men and women, whereas only men’s secondary psychopathy was related to women’s attachment anxiety. Our findings complement those reported in the community and demonstrate the importance to consider attachment insecurities when working with couples who are presenting psychopathic personality traits.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 17 July 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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