Modifications des propriétés physico-chimiques de la caséine micellaire en présence du peptide f1-8 généré par hydrolyse trypsique de la bêta-lactoglobuline

Authors: Silveira Porto Oliveira, Raquel
Advisor: Pouliot, YvesDoyen, Alain
Abstract: The peptide f1-8 (Pf1-8) obtained by tryptic hydrolysis of β-lactoglobulin has demonstrated several characteristics of interest. Indeed, in addition to its capacity for self-assembly and its hydrophobicity, it is part of a group of peptides (such as peptides f9-14, f15-40, f142-148 of β-lactoglobulin) having the ability to bind to some milk proteins (like β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin) and change the thermal denaturation profile, probably by hydrophobic interactions with the hydrophobic core of β-lactoglobulin. Caseins (CNs) alone account for nearly 80% of the total bovine milk protein. Their acidification at pH 4.6 causes major structural changes in the micelle and are precipitated in the vicinity of isoelectric point. The goal of this project was to study the changes in the physicochemical properties of micellar CN in the presence of peptide Pf1-8. This peptide was produced by tryptic hydrolysis of a whey protein isolate, isolated by ultrafiltration, concentrated by reverse osmosis and water washed by centrifugation to purify (91% purity). Different model solutions (pH 6.6) with CN:Pf1-8 ratios of 1:1, 5:1 and 10:1 (respective concentrations of 2.5:2.5, 2.5:0.5, and 2.5:0.25 mg/mL) were tested. For each solution, the solubility of the CN, size by SEC-HPLC, and protein-interaction by SDS-PAGE were determined at various pHs ranging from 6.6 to 2.6. No CN precipitation was observed in the whole range of pH tested for the solution at 1:1 ratio. However, for samples at ratio 10:1 and 5:1 of CN:f1-8, the precipitation was observed at pH 4.6. Analyses by SDS-PAGE and SEC-HPLC demonstrated the formation of aggregates involving Pf1-8 and one or more CNs for all tested pHs, and increase in the solubility, and decrease in the size. Consequently, our results demonstrate that Pf1-8 peptide can modify the physicochemical properties of CN thus representing as a potential protein stabilizer in dairy formulations.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 17 July 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/30372
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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