Adaptation à l'université : le rôle de la compétition et de l'appariement entre les caractéristiques de l'étudiant et celles de son environnement scolaire

Authors: Laviolette, Marie-Pier
Advisor: Ratelle, Catherine
Abstract: When pursuing university studies, it is essentially students’ level of adaptation to the multiple university demands that will predict their perseverance, but also their academic performance and well-being (Credé & Niehorster, 2012). However, some factors can negatively contribute to this adaptation and even lead students to drop out before obtaining a diploma (Parkin & Baldwin, 2009). Evolving in a competitive school setting is one of these limiting factors (e.g., Lam, Yim, Law, & Cheung, 2004). Based on the concept of person-environment fit and on concepts of agency and communion, students enrolled in programs focused on counseling have been identified as potentially more vulnerable to the harmful effects of competition. The purpose of this dissertation is therefore to better understand the role of competition and of the fit between personal characteristics and characteristics of the school environment in the adaptation to university of students enrolled in programs focused on counseling. It was expected that students in a competitive setting and those less fitted to their environment would be less able to successfully adapt than students in a non-competitive setting and those more fitted to their environment. The study sample (N = 214) included students enrolled in academic programs focused on counseling (psychology, career guidance and development, social work and psychoeducation) and varying in competitiveness. Contrary to expectations, the results revealed that all the students in the sample adapt well to university, regardless of their program’s level of competitiveness and of person-environment fit. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed and future research directions are proposed.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 11 July 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/30332
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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