La fragilité et l'utilisation des services de santé chez les aînés québécois victimes d'une fracture mineure

Authors: Fillion, Vanessa
Advisor: Sirois, Marie-JoséeJean, Sonia
Abstract: Few data are available on the use of health services of frail elderly people who have experienced a minor fracture. Currently, information on the identification of frail seniors and on their health resources needs and use mostly comes from cohort studies or from clinical trials. In such studies, frailty is generally measured using clinical indices or scales, which are not included in population-based high-quality administrative databases available for decision-making, population surveillance or research. However, given the expected increase in frailty-related health resources-use associated with population ageing, methodologies to identify frail seniors within such secondary healthcare data, both at patient and population levels, are current surveillance priorities. We therefore conducted a population-based cohort study to describe and identify health services use by this population after a medical consultation for a minor fracture. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of frailty among community-dwelling seniors who sustained a recent non-hip fracture in Quebec health administrative databases, to examine the association between frailty and the use of medical services in the year following the fracture and to measure the excess use of health services following that fracture across frailty levels. There are many reasons to measure frailty, including identification of people who are at an increased risk of adverse health outcomes. This population-based study suggests that seniors identified as frail by the Elders Risk Assessment index and sustaining relatively minor fractures use more health services in the year post-fracture. This first use of Quebec’s administrative databases indicates that, in a public health perspective, it might be possible to use them for surveillance on frailty and its consequences among seniors.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 5 July 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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