Thermoplastic elastomers based on polyester recycled tire fibers and ground tire rubber

Authors: Moghaddamzadeh, Siavosh
Advisor: Rodrigue, Denis
Abstract: This project focuses on the production and characterization of hybrid composites based on a thermoplastic polymer (linear low-density polyethylene, LLDPE) and polyester recycled tire fibers (RTF) mixed with ground tire rubber (GTR) with and without styrene-ethylenebutylene-styrene grafted maleic anhydride (SEBS-g-MA) as a compatibilizer. The study aims at improving the properties of LLDPE using RTF, GTR and SEBS-g-MA. The first step is composed of two main parts. The first part is the characterization of RTF via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and density; while the second part is to report on the morphology from different processing parameters. In particular, the effect of RTF concentration (10, 25 and 50 wt.%) with and without 10 wt.% SEBS-g-MA at different screw speeds (110, 180 and 250 rpm) processed below (LT) and above (HT) the RTF melting temperature (253°C) are investigated for samples produced via twin-screw extrusion followed by injection molding. The results show better GTR particles distribution (imbedded in RTF) in the matrix (LLDPE) with increasing RTF content in the compatibilized compounds. Also, increasing the screw speed leads to a reduction of RTF length and GTR sizes. However, HT profiles produced degradation of the matrix and GTR particles. In the second step, a complete series of physical (density and hardness) and mechanical (tension, flexion and impact) characterization was performed on the samples produced in the first step. Despite lower moduli and strength, Charpy impact strength increases by 50% for compatibilized 50% RTF compounds with an additional 56% improvement at higher screw speed (250 rpm). However, HT profiles decrease all physico-mechanical properties of the samples. Finally, the rheological properties of the samples produced in the first step are investigated in both the melt (small amplitude oscillatory shear, SAOS) and solid (dynamic mechanical analysis, DMA) states to understand the relations between processing, morphology and macroscopic properties. The results show increased elasticity with increasing RTF content with SEBS-g-MA, especially at higher extrusion screw speeds. HT profiles lead to lower elasticity in the melt state, while DMA results show higher elasticity for LT profiles.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 5 July 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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