Modélisation XFEM, Nitsche, Level-set et simulation sous FEniCS de la dynamique de deux fluides non miscibles

Authors: Mekhlouf, Réda
Advisor: Baggag, Abdelkader
Abstract: The two-phase flow problems have an important role in the multitude of domains in science and engineering. Their complexity is so high that the actual models can solve only particular or simplified cases with a certain degree of precision. A new approach is a necessity to understand the evolution of new ideas and the physical complexity in this kind of flow, to contribute to the study of this field. A good study requires solid and robust tools to have performing results and a maximum of efficacy. At the interface of separation between the two immiscible fluids, the physical parameters are discontinuous, which gives us difficulties for the description of the physical variables at the interface and boundary conditions. The fact that the density and the viscosity are discontinuous at the interface creates kinks in the velocity, which represent a weak discontinuity. The existence of the surface tension at the interface create a discontinuity for the pressure field, it represents a strong discontinuity. The main objective of this work is to make a complete study based on strong and robust physical, mathematical and numerical tools. A strong combination, capable of capturing the physical aspect of the interface between the two fluids with a very good precision. Building such a robust, cost effective and accurate numerical model is challenging and requires lots of efforts and a multidisciplinary knowledge in mathematics, physics and computer science. First, an analytical study was made where the one fluid model of the Navier-Stokes equation was proved from Newton’s laws and jump conditions at the interface was proved and detailed analytically. To treat the problem of discontinuity, we used the XFEM method to discretize our discontinuous variables. Due to the large distortion encountered in this kind of fluid mechanic problems, we are going to use the Eulerian approach, and to correct the oscillation of solutions we will use the SUPG/PSPG stabilization technic. The treatment of the interface curvature k was done with the Laplace Beltrami operator and the interface tracking with the Level-set method. To treat the jump conditions with a very sharp precision we used the Nitsche’s method, developed in different cases. After building a strong mathematical and physical model in the first parts of our work, we did a numerical study using the FEniCS computational platform, which is a platform of computational development based on C++ with a Python interface. A numerical code was developed in this study, in the case of two-phase flow problem, based on the previous mathematical and physical models detailed in previous sections.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 28 June 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/30205
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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