Rôle des microARNs et des protéines extracellulaires de l'épididyme murin dans la fertilité mâle
|Abstract:||Only 30% cases of male infertility can be diagnosed with a spermogram. As the epididymis plays an important role in spermatic post-testicular maturation, the dysfunction of this organ may be at the origin of unexplained infertility. Thus, since intercellular communication in the male reproductive tract is different when there is a fertility problem, we hypothesized that a precise molecular signature could help to better understand and diagnose a larger population. To do this, we used a genetically modified murine model with a conditional kockout (cKO) for an enzyme involved in the biogenesis of microRNAs (miRNAs) at the proximal level of the epididymis. We compared the epididymal miRNAs and genes expression pattern between a control and cKO mouse model. One hundred and fifty-four miRNAs showed a strong expression decrease in the genetically modified mice, including miR-210, miR-672, miR-191 and miR-204. Note also the variation in expression of the proteins AZGP1 (Zn-alpha 2-glycoprotein) and PATE4 (Prostate And Testis Expressed 4 protein) which have particularly attracted our attention, because they are directly involved in the male fertility. Secondly, since these molecules were found to be released into the extracellular environment, we decided to investigate their secretion pattern in the epididymal fluid in order to evaluate their potential as biomarkers for a certain type of male infertility. Referring to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO), I was able to create a biobank containing 43 human samples. I was also able to practice a more current method of isolating membrane vesicles from seminal fluid. Finally, I validated the association of 4 molecules (miR-672, miR-191 and miR-204 and AZGP1) with exosomes. All these results therefore suggest that there is a molecular profile associated with the fertility phenotype and that these new extracellular molecules might help to represent subtypes of male infertility.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||28 June 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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