L'industrie potière à Québec au XVIIe siècle : une étude archéométrique des terres cuites communes qualifiées de fabrication locale

Authors: Lamontagne, Huguette
Advisor: Bain, AllisonFrancus, Pierre
Abstract: Quebec archaeologists have been interested in applying scientific methods to the study of earthenware found in New France since the last few decades. European archaeologists used tools such as thin section layer analysis, spectrometry and statistics far before. In the 1980s André Proulx and Lueger and Oliver applied quantitative analysis to the study of Quebec ceramics. This project combines petrographic analysis, tomodensitometry (CT-SCAN) and statistical tools to examine the problem of ceramic provenance via the study of their pastes. Sherds were selected from 4 sites in Quebec City dating to the XVIIth century : la maison des Jésuites (CeEt-27), l'îlot des Palais (CeEt-30), le Parc des Braves (CeEt-677) and le domaine Maizerets (CfEu-1). The main purpose was to prove to our satisfaction that what we call local earthenware was indeed locally made. With the use of a CT-SCAN we were able to examine the quality of the manufacturing process and we tried to identify the work of different potters, ideally associating a particular manufacture to a specific potter. The use of the CT-SCAN together with petrographic analysis allows us to question both the advantages and disadvantages related to these methods.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 26 June 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/30189
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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