Le retard de langage précoce : difficultés développementales concomitantes et à l'âge scolaire selon sa persistance

Authors: Matte-Landry, Alexandra
Advisor: Dionne, Ginette
Abstract: The present thesis focuses on children with early language delay (LD) at 18 months of age from a populationbased longitudinal study. It focuses on their co-occurring and school-age developmental difficulties according to LD persistence. First, a retrodictive approach was used to document motor development, sleep and psychosocial development in late-talkers to identify whether specific difficulties and/or their accumulation predict expressive LD persistence over and above initial language levels. Results showed that children with persistent LD accumulated developmental difficulties at 18 months of age whereas those with transient LD only had more oppositional behaviors than children with persistent LD and controls. These developmental difficulties seem to have a contribution to the development of expressive language but they do not predict LD persistence over and above the nature and the severity of early LD. The only unique predictor of persistence at 5 years of age was 18-month receptive vocabulary. Second, school-age language, academic and psychosocial outcomes of children with early LD were investigated according to LD persistence. We wanted to test empirically the hypothesis that children with transient LD had residual difficulties at school-age. Results showed that children with persistent LD accumulated language, academic and psychosocial difficulties up to Grade 6. Children with transient LD however had some psychosocial difficulties in the early school years. Thus, the hypothesis of an illusory recovery in children with transient LD was empirically supported only for psychosocial development. In sum, the results of this thesis showed that children with persistent LD have more co-occurring and schoolage developmental difficulties than those with typical language development. Difficulties were more severe or affected more developmental domains in children with persistent LD in comparison with children with transient LD. Moreover, early co-occurring developmental difficulties could help predict LD persistence at age 5. These results may suggest that children with persistent and transient LD belong to two distinct developmental trajectories underpinned by distinct developmental and etiological mechanisms. The implications of these results for the advancement of scientific knowledge and clinical practice are discussed in the conclusion.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 12 June 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/30032
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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