Étude du surpeuplement des logements sur la santé des Cris d'Eeyou Istchee

Authors: Ramamonjisoa, Sitraka Arorindra
Advisor: Riva, MylèneBonnier Viger, Yv
Abstract: The Cree of Eeyou Istchee face several social challenges related to living conditions and health. Household overcrowding is a determinant of health and is a significant public health issue in light of these health effects. There is evidence that Cree homes are overcrowded (especially on-reserve) and that communities have considerable health needs. It is therefore interesting to examine the effects of overcrowding on the health of Cree populations. This master's thesis addresses two questions: (1) Is household overcrowding associated with health in the Cree communities in Northern Québec? (2) Does this relationship vary by sex? I analyzed the data from the Nituuchishaayihitaau Aschii Environmental and Health Survey in Eeyou Istchee conducted between 2005-2009 which documents the health status of seven (out of nine) Cree communities in relation to various lifestyle and environmental factors. My research is cross-sectional based secondary data analyses. Descriptive analyses and logistic and linear regressions were performed. Results of the descriptive analyses show that households are relatively large (six or more adults and children) and 17% of Cree houses are overcrowded (> 2 persons per bedroom). Results of the regression analyses show that overcrowding has a protective effect on health, especially for men (vs women). In conclusion, following this study I make two main recommendations: to strengthen participatory research with the Cree communities to build measures of overcrowding and measures of health adapted to Cree culture ; and to vary research types and specifications to better understand the potentially protective effect of overcrowding on the Cree’s health, as well as its effect on gender. Keywords: Household overcrowding, household composition, self-rated health, Aboriginal health
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 8 June 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/30004
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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