Exploiting the geometry of anthanthrone to harness optoelectronic properties

Authors: Desroches, Maude
Advisor: Morin, Jean-François
Abstract: For several years, a keen interest in vat dyes emerged in the literature. Long considered exclusively for the specialty chemical industry, pigments are increasingly used in academia. They are mass-produced at a low cost and their complex structures allow valued molecules to be obtained in few synthetic steps. Most of these pigments are aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons (PAHs) sometimes including heteroatoms, making them molecules of choice for the study of structure-property relationship. With the development of PAHs, the study of biradicaloids having outstanding properties is thriving in the scientific literature. The work presented in this thesis brings together these two fields of study. The anthanthrone core, a polycyclic aromatic with a singular reactivity caused by its geometry, allows for the exploration of original concepts for the chemistry of organic open-shell compounds. First of all, anthanthrone-based molecules allowed the development of a new method to obtain open-shell diradicals. It was found that the steric congestion of the diphenylmethane and the anthanthrone core facing each other, facilitate the structural transformation towards a molecule having two unpaired electrons. Surprisingly, this transformation can proceed in the solid state at low pressures. Thus, it is possible to break double bonds with bare hands using a mortar and pestle. Next, similar molecules with diphenylamines also allow the formation of open-shell compounds when doubly oxidized. The obtained products are isoelectronic to their all-carbon counterpart. Again, the geometry of the anthanthrone core produces two perpendicular π-systems, preventing the recombination of the radicals. To follow-up with similar compounds and increase the spin density, a polymer “polyradical cation” possessing intriguing optoelectronic properties was synthesized. Finally, the last chapter of this thesis still exploit the geometry of the anthanthrone dye but in a completely different context. With the unique structure of this core, it is possible to obtain aggregation-induced emission in the near infrared region.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 June 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29995
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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