Anti-Candida activity of the human gut metabolome

Authors: Garcia-Rangel, Carlos-Enrique
Advisor: Sellam, Adnane
Abstract: The human gut contains a variety of commensal microbes which are composed of diverse organisms that belong to all three domains of life with Eukarya primarily represented by fungi. The commensal / opportunistic yeast Candida albicans has been reported as the most common fungus in the gut of healthy humans. Recent evidences support that, this small fraction can alter the microbiota equilibrium leading to dysbiosis and diseases like inflammatory bowel diseases. It has been demonstrated that commensal microbiota plays a critical role in the protection of the gut against colonization by other bacterial pathogens and pathobionts. However, so far, whether C. albicans overgrowth or pathogenicity are controlled by other fecal microbiota is not known. In this study, we showed that the human microbial gut metabolome (GM) exerts an antifungal activity against different intestinal-resident yeasts including hyphal growth and the invasion of human enterocytes of C. albicans. Furthermore, a genetic screen in C. albicans suggested that TOR is the molecular target of the antifungal molecule(s) of the GM.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 7 June 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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