L'immigration péruvienne au Québec : insertion socioéconomique, réseaux sociaux et constructions identitaires

Authors: Lapointe, Geneviève
Advisor: Langlois, Simon
Abstract: In recent years, Quebec’s immigration policies have favoured educated, young, and French-speaking immigrants – that is, those considered to have a strong potential for employability. Despite this selective immigration, many immigrants find it more difficult than in the past to find jobs that match their qualifications. This thesis proposes to examine this paradox in more detail. While several studies have addressed the issue of immigrant socioeconomic insertion from an individualistic perspective, focusing on the human capital of newcomers, this thesis proposes instead to focus on the role of the host society to better understand the migratory experience. Inspired by theories of intersectionality, the analysis considers processes of racialization that manifest themselves through the discourses and practices of the host society. A qualitative study was conducted, based on interviews with 24 international migrants of Peruvian origin living in the cities of Quebec and Montreal. The objective was to better understand the experience of Peruvian immigrants in Quebec by focusing on three distinct but interrelated themes: socioeconomic insertion, mobilization of social networks, and respondents’ identity constructions. The analysis of the interviews reveals that Peruvians deploy various strategies to integrate socioeconomically, which include accepting a certain deskilling, professional reorientation, and having to return to school. Based on various works on transnationalism – highlighting the social bonds that are maintained across national borders via the Internet for instance – this study also shows that the maintenance of transnational links influences the socioeconomic insertion of Peruvians, who have access to more information during the pre-migration period and to family and social support in the new society. The importance of the various social networks mobilized once in Quebec is also discussed. In term of identity, the respondents evoked a new hybrid identity – reworked and reconstructed in the new society – marked by a sense of belonging both to the place of origin and the host society. This process of identity construction is also characterized by a resolute desire to “integrate, ” despite the discrimination and obstacles encountered.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 4 June 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29947
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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