Activité physique basée sur la marche pendant et après la réadaptation post-AVC : caractérisation et analyse des relations avec des facteurs cliniques, fonctionnels et psychosociaux

Authors: Bourget, Natacha
Advisor: Batcho, Sèbiyo CharlesBlanchette, Andréanne
Abstract: Background: Given the role of physical activity (PA) in recovering and maintaining functional autonomy after a stroke, many studies have highlighted the need to develop approaches that encourage stroke patients to physical activity. Despite these recommendations, studies have shown limited increase in PA during stroke rehabilitation, leading to lower level of PA in stroke survivors compared to age-matched healthy subjects. PA in the post-stroke rehabilitation phase is far from optimal, with many recent studies reporting that stroke patients do not get enough physical activity. Objective: Characterize the evolution of walking activity in stroke patients and explore factors that influence regular walking. Methodology: A descriptive correlation study was conducted with two assessment times: first at admission in the study (time 1) and second at discharge functional rehabilitation in center (time 2). Data were collected from a sample of eight stroke patients admitted to Institut de réadaptation en déficience physique de Québec (IRDPQ). To meet the study’s first objective, Wilcoxon tests were carried out to determine how walking activity progressed during the intensive rehabilitation phase at the institute. To meet the second objective, Spearman correlations were used to determine the relationship between different variables (walking endurance, comfortable walking speed, balanced, cardiorespiratory endurance, functionnal independence, self-efficcacy) and the level of walking activity after a stroke (number of step/day and active time). Results/conclusion: Except for the number of steps and minutes of walking, all variables significantly improved during the intensive rehabilitation phase at the institute. Although no correlation was significant, age seems to be the factor most closely linked to minutes of walking (r=0.57 p=0.14) and number of steps (r=0.43 p=0.29) at time 1. At time 2, balance was most closely linked to the number of steps (r=0.66 p=0.08) and walking time (r=0.51 p=0.20). Considerable education and awareness-raising are still needed to encourage stroke survivors to be more active on a daily basis.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 31 May 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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