Matériaux hydrophiles pour l'adsorption préférentielle de l'eau à hautes températures

Authors: Ghodhbene, Marwa
Advisor: Iliuta, Maria-CornéliaBougie, Francis
Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the most important greenhouse gases released from anthropic activities. The emissions of CO2 can be reduced by its valorisation into many chemical products like methanol, ethanol, dimethylether and hydrocarbons by catalytic conversion of CO2. However, CO2 conversion and product yield are low because of the large amount of water produced (as by-product) that has a negative effect on the catalyst and thermodynamically limits the system. The removal of water using adsorbents, an example of process intensification by the removal of a product, is called sorption enhanced reaction process (SERP). Few studies concerning adsorption of water at high temperatures were found in the literature. In this work, a comparative study was conducted with various potential water adsorbents. The efficiency of several potential zeolitic materials (LTA, FAU and SOD) was investigated for water adsorption up to 250 °C which is the reaction temperature of all products mentioned above. The experiments were performed using an Intelligent Gravimetric Analyser (IGA, Hiden Isochema). The effect of different parameters like temperature, particle size and partial pressure of water were studied. For all zeolites, the water uptake showed an important decrease at higher temperatures but the capacity at 250 °C was still significant. Zeolites FAU-13X and LTA-4A have the higher adsorption capacities. Zeolites in powder form have a higher adsorption capacity than pearls. Meanwhile, the poor adsorption kinetics of SOD limits its use. The experimental data were correlated by mathematical models. A double stretched exponential equation was found to correlate all data and the kinetic constants were determined for each zeolite. These results will allow the modelling and the optimization of SERP process.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 25 May 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/29854
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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